"Trade Liberalization and Firm Productivity: The Case of India"
The Review of Economics and Statistics,
Volume: 93 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 995-1009
Publication type: Journal article
This paper exploits India's rapid, comprehensive and externally imposed trade reform to establish a causal link between changes in tariffs and firm productivity. Pro-competitive forces, resulting from lower tariffs on final goods, as well as access to better inputs, due to lower input tariffs, both appear to have increased firm-level productivity, with input tariffs having a larger impact. The effect was strongest in import-competing industries and industries not subject to excessive domestic regulation. While we find no evidence of a differential impact according to state-level characteristics, we observe complementarities between trade liberalization and additional industrial policy reforms.
Reproduced with permission of the Harvard International Review. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
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